India the world’s oldest country in the history and largest democracy from its independence on 15 August 1947 and we are serving a list of all prime ministers of India
India had independent after British rulers ruled for 200 years.
Let’s see, which are the Indian Prime ministers and how they are elected?
How the first PM was elected?
In a democracy, we can say PM or President selected by General election. But in the case of the first prime minister of India, it’s not true.
There were two candidates Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Vs Jvaharlal Nehru in the race of PM.
The time when Congress Prime Minister selection under the Congress Committee, and there are 15 members who had the authority to vote for any 1 name for PM and final decision was made by Mahatma Gandhi.
Here is the twist, By 12 members of the committee was suggested name of Sardar Patel as a PM and only 3 of them vote for Nehru.
After declaring results of the committee, Nehru played cheap politics and told to Gandhi that he could not accept second place because he knew that Sardar Patel was fully respected to Gandhi and he might not ignore Gandhi’s decision and Sardar Patel withdraw his name as a Prime Minister in respect of Mahatma Gandhi.
Thus, Nehru becomes the first Prime Minister of Indian history and an independent Indian journey started.
Indian Prime Ministers list as below :
|INDEX||NAME||FROM||TO||Lok Sabha Sheet||PARTY|
|1||Jawaharlal Nehru||15/8/1947||27/5/1964||Phulpur, UP||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||15/4/1952||17/4/1957||Phulpur, UP||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||17/4/1957||2/4/1962||Phulpur, UP||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||2/4/1962||27/5/1964||Phulpur, UP||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Note :||Nehru was the prime minister for continued 4 tearms almost 16 years, 286 days. His tenure finished with his death.|
|–||Gulzarilal Nanda||27/5/1964||9/6/1964||Sabarkantha, Gujarat||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Note :||Gulzarilal Nanda was an acting PM for 13 days after Nehru’s death.|
|2||Lal Bahadur Shastri||9/6/1964||11/1/1966||Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Note :||Lal Bahadur Shastri was the prime minister for 1 year, 216 days. He died due to a heart attack in his hotel room at Taskand (Currently in Uzbekistan) while very famous Taskan dialogs between India – Pakistan in Russia after the war of Indo – Pak 1965.
|–||Gulzarilal Nanda||11/1/1966||24/1/1966||Sabarkantha, Gujarat||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Note :||Again, Gulzarilal Nanda was an acting PM for 13 days after Sastriji’s death.|
|3||Indira Gandhi||24/1/1966||4/3/1967||Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Indira Gandhi||4/3/1967||15/3/1971||Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Indira Gandhi||15/3/1971||24/3/1977||Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Note :||The Iron Lady, who showed bravery to divide East Pakistan as a new country Bangladesh on 26th March 1971. Continous 3 terms elected and became PM for 11 years, 59 days.
The Black days of Indian history, The Emergency declared from 26th June 1975 to January 1977 for 21 monthes and JayPrakash Narayan(JP), Morarji, Advani, Ashok Mehta & Atal Bihari Vajpayee arrested.
|4||Morarji Desai||24/3/1977||28/7 /1979||Surat, Gujarat||Janata Party|
|Note :||Morarji Desai was retired at the age of 81 years in half term after 2 years and 126 days from all political posts and can say this was the shining example for Indian politics. Because there is no word like retirement in Politicians’ minds.
Morarji Desai was conferred with the BHARAT RATNA an India’s highest civilian honour.
Also, Pakistan gave the honor of the Nishan-e-Pakistan on 19 May 1990, to avoid military conflict and initiated peace in the region.
|5||Chaudhary Charan Singh||28/7/1979||14/1 /1980||Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh||Janata Party|
|Note :||Charan Singh’s government was aligned with INC and he resigned, The reason was withdrawn of Indira Gandhi’s emergency cases and he didn’t want to get blackmailed.|
|(3)||Indira Gandhi||15/3/1971||24/3/1977||Medak, Andhra Pradesh||Indian National Congress (INC)||Note :||The fourth term as a Prime Minister after the emergency and she was killed by her personal security shikh soldiers after the operation of Blue-Star against Bhindravwale in 1984.|
|6||Rajiv Gandhi||31/10/1984||31/12/1984||Amethi, Uttar Pradesh||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Rajiv Gandhi||31/12/1984||2/12/1989||Amethi, Uttar Pradesh||Indian National Congress (INC)||Note :||After the death of Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi became the youngest PM at the age of 40 years.
In Indian history the second time, the Prime minister was killed. Assassination(Murdered) of Rajiv Gandhi by members of Liberation of Tamil Tigers(LTTE). Because Rajiv Gandhi deployed peacekeeping forces to Shri-Lanka to maintain peace in Lanka.
|7||Vishwanath Pratap Singh||2/12/1989||10/11/1990||Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh||Janata Dal||Note :||VP Singh was succeeded as a PM with allies of the Bhartiya Janta Party(BJP). This government was applied Mandal commission report for Backward cast.
Vishwanath Pratap Singh oppose BJP’s ambitious RAM RATH YATRA, As a result of it BJP withdraws support to government and the government lost the vote of no-confidence. Thus, VP Singh resigned on 7th November 1990 within 363 days or in 1 year.
|8||Chandra Shekhar||10/11/1990||21/6/1991||Ballia, Uttar Pradesh||Samajwadi Janata Party||Note :||Chandra Shekhar was the successor of VP Singh Govt. because won the support of 64 MP’s confidence motion with the support of the Indian National Congress(INC).
The reason for INC withdrew support because of differentiation in the Ideology with the government and it had collapsed in almost 7 months (223 days).
To save India in terms of default of payment Chandra Shekar had mortgaging Indian gold reserves in midst of the election.
|9||P. V. Narasimha Rao||21/6/1991||16/5/1996||Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh||Indian National Congress||Note :||First PM from South India and Father of Indian Nuclier Program.
But, Nuclear Test had not become on flor because his term was finished and he had defeated in the result of the general election.
|10||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||16/5/1996||1/6/1996||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh||Bharatiya Janata Party||Note :||BJP journey started under the Charioteer of Bajpayee but unfortunatelly the government was brocken down in 16 days because low majority in Lock-Sabha.|
|11||H. D. Deve Gowda||1/6/1996||21/4/1997||Rajya Sabha MP for Karnataka||Janta Dal||Note :||HD Deve Gowda surprisingly selected as a Head of the Government and serve for 1 year(324 Days).|
|12||Inder Kumar Gujral||21/4/1997||19/3/1998||Rajya Sabha MP for Bihar||Janta Dal||Note :||I.K Gujral became PM using outside support of INC and resigned within 332 days. (Almost 11 months).
Resigned, because INC demanded that remove DMK members from the cabinet, and Gujral had not ready for it. Thus, He resigned.
|(10)||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||19/3/1998||10/10/1999||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||10/10/1999||22/5/2004||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh||Bharatiya Janata Party||Note :||The First Non-Congress PM from BJP. And BJP became the largest party in Indian Politics.
India became a Nuclear Powered country in May 1998 after the Five Underground Nuclear Test conducted at Pokhran, Rajasthan under the supervision of Indian Rocketman A.P.J Kalam Saheb.
|13||Dr. Manmohan Singh||22/5/2004||22/5/2009||Rajya Sabha MP for Assam||Indian National Congress|
|Dr. Manmohan Singh||22/5/2009||26/5/2014||Rajya Sabha MP for Assam||Indian National Congress||Note :||Again Congress ruled in India for 2 terms under the roof of UPA and Dr. Manmohan Singh became Prime minister.
But, Sonia Gandhi had remote of Government. 2G Spectrum, Commonwealth Games, and allocations of Coal Blocks scams happened while this UPA government.
Also, New Civil Nuclear Deal signed by Manmohan Singh after the Nuclear test.
|14||Narendra Modi||26/5/2014||30/5/2019||Maninagar, Gujarat||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Narendra Modi||30/5/2019||Incumbent||Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh||Bharatiya Janata Party||Note :||A major defeat of Congress till history 2019.
BJP win an election on name of Narendra Modi, with the campaign of “SAUNO SAATH SAUNO VIKAS”.
In the first term, the Modi government did apply the De-Monetization of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 under the reason of the Finding of black money, counter corruption, terrorism, and the purpose of removing the use of counterfeit currency.
There were very powerful decision took for Indian history in the second term.
Article 370 and Article 35A scrapped from the Princely state Jammu & Kashmir. J&k was separated into 2 parts UT Ladakh and J&K.
New Law’s on Triple Talak, Ayodhya Ram Mandir verdict, NRC(National Register of Citizens), CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act) passed in parliament.
Here are some questions regarding politics, and I want comments on it.
What do you think?
- Should it be age limit or retirement for politicians?
- Should it stop all premium facilities after finish any political terms? like,
- Pensionary benefits
- Travel benefits
- Health benefits
- Telephone facility
- Should they allow, If any criminal record exists, or any case against them in court?